A photo capturing two individuals sitting side by side, engrossed in deep conversation, their eyes reflecting understanding and compassion, symbolizing the concept of kindred spirits as mentioned in the Bible.

What Is A Kindred Spirit In The Bible?

The concept of a ‘kindred spirit’ appears several times throughout the Bible, referring to someone who is of a similar mind, purpose, or outlook. If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: In the Bible, a kindred spirit is someone who shares a deep spiritual connection or union with another person.

In this comprehensive article, we will explore the meaning of kindred spirit in the Bible by looking at the various passages where this term appears. We will analyze the original Hebrew and Greek words used and examine how they are translated into English.

Additionally, we will consider the context and significance of kindred spirits in Scripture.

Defining Kindred Spirit in the Bible

The Hebrew Word Nefesh

The Hebrew word used in the Bible that is often translated as “kindred spirit” is “nefesh.” This word has a complex range of meanings relating to the essence of a person or being.

Some key aspects of nefesh include:

  • The inner self or soul
  • A living being or creature
  • Life itself or a life-giving force
  • A person’s deepest feelings and passions

When the Bible refers to a “kindred spirit,” it is pointing to someone who connects with you on the deepest level of the nefesh – in your innermost hopes, dreams and desires.

The Greek Word Psuchikos

In the Greek New Testament, the word translated as “kindred spirit” is “psuchikos.” This comes from the root word “psuche” meaning the soul or mind.

Specifically, psuchikos refers to the natural life shared by all human beings – it connects us all in our common experiences and emotions. So finding a “kindred spirit” means finding someone whose soul resonates with your own.

The emphasis here is more on the shared humanity between two people rather than spiritual connections alone. It conveys a sense of finding common purpose, understanding and sympathy with another person.

Hebrew Nefesh Deepest inner self
Greek Psuchikos Shared human experiences

Key Examples of Kindred Spirits in the Bible

David and Jonathan

The deep bond of brotherly love between David and Jonathan is one of the most well-known examples of kindred spirits in the Bible (1 Samuel 18). When David killed Goliath, he found a true friend in Jonathan, Saul’s son. Their souls were knit together, and Jonathan loved David as himself.

He gave David his robes, armor, sword, bow and belt to show his commitment to their friendship (1 Samuel 18:1-4). Jonathan warned David when Saul wanted to kill him, even though it meant going against his own father.

According to the Holman Bible Dictionary, their “commitment to one another surpassed their commitment to family or state.” This legendary friendship shows how kindred spirits stand by each other no matter what.

Paul and Timothy

The apostle Paul had a deep spiritual connection with his “true son in the faith” Timothy (1 Timothy 1:2). When Paul first met Timothy in Lystra, he saw great potential in the young disciple (Acts 16:1-3). Timothy became one of Paul’s most trusted ministry partners.

Paul mentored Timothy and entrusted him with important leadership roles in the early church. He called Timothy his “beloved child” (2 Timothy 1:2), showing the depth of their spiritual connection. Their deep bond through Christ exemplifies how kindred spirits can unite across generations to advance God’s work.

Ruth and Naomi

Ruth and Naomi also share a powerful story of devotion and kinship. After Naomi’s husband and sons died, Ruth vowed not to abandon her mother-in-law even though they faced poverty and uncertainty (Ruth 1:16-17). Ruth gave up her homeland and family to stay with Naomi because they had grown so close.

According to Dr. Tanya Storch: “The bond was deeper than obligation – they were kindred spirits.” Ruth later married Boaz, who enabled Naomi’s family line to continue. This remarkable friendship between two grieving widows shows the beauty of kindred souls uniting in faith.

Their selfless love and loyalty to each other echo through generations.

The Significance of Kindred Spirits

Spiritual Connection

A spiritual connection between two people is often referred to as having a “kindred spirit” in the Bible. This refers to people who are united in faith and purpose, almost as if their spirits are intertwined.

Though not literally the same spirit, they experience a deep bond through their mutual love for God and desire to serve Him (Philippians 2:1-2). This spiritual unity allows kindred spirits to encourage one another in the faith, spurring each other on towards righteousness (Hebrews 10:24-25).

Their relationship is marked by selflessness, forgiveness, and genuine care for the other’s soul.

Biblical examples of kindred spirits include David and Jonathan (1 Samuel 18:1), Paul and Timothy (Philippians 2:19-23), and Ruth and Naomi (Ruth 1:16-17). Though very different in circumstance, these pairs shared a commitment to following the Lord.

This common devotion strengthened their connection, empathy, and ability to minister to one another. They understood that achieving God’s purposes was more important than their individual interests. This spiritual connection allowed them to bless and build up one another faith.

Unity of Purpose

Kindred spirits are united in their fundamental purpose and direction in life. More than just enjoying each other’s company, they share the same priorities and passion. Their values and convictions are aligned, anchored on a mutual desire to honor God and walk in His ways.

This creates a sense of togetherness and solidarity, as kindred spirits are working toward the same Christ-centered goals.

For example, Paul refers to his fellow apostle Timothy as a “kindred spirit” because of their shared commitment to spreading the gospel and caring for the churches (Philippians 2:19-23). Though from different generations, their purposes were aligned.

This same-minded service created an inseparable, familial bond. Having kindred spirits on your team provides strength, encouragement, and motivation to stay faithful when times get tough. The writer of Ecclesiastes observes, “A cord of three strands is not quickly broken” (Ecclesiastes 4:12).

Mutual Encouragement

Life is filled with ups and downs, trials and triumphs. Having someone to share these experiences with makes the journey richer and more meaningful. Kindred spirits provide mutual encouragement through difficult seasons of life.

The book of Proverbs says, “As iron sharpens iron, so one person sharpens another” (Proverbs 27:17). Kindred spirits build each other up in faith, challenging one another to grow spiritually and endure hardships.

We see this clearly between David and Jonathan in the Old Testament. Though Jonathan was in line for the throne, he developed a deep friendship with David and encouraged him in following God’s calling (1 Samuel 23:16-17).

Their kindred bond gave them strength and perseverance to fulfill their destinies. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 emphasizes the value of having another loyal spirit by your side, stating, “Two are better than one.” Life is sweeter when shared with another kindred soul.

Developing Kindred Spirit Relationships

Developing relationships with kindred spirits can greatly enrich our lives. Kindred spirits are people we connect with on a deep level, who “get” us and with whom we can be our authentic selves. Though finding these meaningful connections takes effort, the rewards are immense.

Where to Meet Kindred Spirits

We may discover kindred spirits in unexpected places if we remain open. Some places to connect with like-minded people include:

  • Spiritual communities: Churches, meditation centers, retreats
  • Interest groups: Book clubs, sports teams, hobby meetups
  • Online forums: Forums, groups, and communities based on shared interests or values

Building Strong Bonds

Once we meet potential kindred spirits, we must invest time and intention to develop closeness. Ways to bond include:

  • Sharing openly: Reveal our true thoughts, feelings, hopes and dreams
  • Active listening: Truly hearing others without judgement
  • Supporting each other during difficult times
  • Collaborating on meaningful projects

With care and commitment, these soul-nourishing relationships can weather life’s storms and last for years.

Overcoming Challenges

However, even kindred bonds encounter obstacles. We can maintain harmony by:

  • Communicating with compassion: Express needs kindly without blame
  • Allowing each other space: Respect each other’s autonomy
  • Forgiving mistakes and shortcomings
  • Recommitting during periods of disconnection

While it takes humility and effort to overcome relational pitfalls, the profound connection kindred spirits share makes persevering through differences worthwhile.

Though rare, relationships between kindred spirits can uplift our lives beyond measure. By staying open, putting in the work, and extending grace during trials, we can nurture these heart-expanding bonds that help us feel truly seen, heard, and understood.


In conclusion, the concept of a kindred spirit in the Bible refers to someone who shares a deep bond of the spirit with another person. Key examples include the relationships between David and Jonathan, Paul and Timothy, and Ruth and Naomi.

While the specifics differ, these kindred spirit connections are marked by spiritual unity, common purpose, and mutual encouragement to follow God’s will. As modern readers, we can seek to develop similar spirit-knit relationships to strengthen and support each other in the faith.

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